Bès Pa’

Variations: Hantu Kotak (Malay), Pa’, Spirit Pa’

Bès Pa’, the Spirit Pa’, is a river jellyfish spirit that can expand to any size it wishes. It is usually found living in deep mud. Anyone who steps on a buried pa’ will fall into the mud along with the spirit. To prevent this, one must take a finely crushed mixture of iron rust and broken glass and sprinkle it over the offending muddy area.


Werner, R. (1975) Jah-hět of Malaysia, Art and Culture. Penerbit Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.


  1. It’s a shame that more research isn’t being done on the Bès with the same intensity as the Faeries or Yokai. There are so many questions left to answer about this spirit for instance. What are their ties to river jellyfish? Are these what become of particularly ancient jellyfish? Do they herd or protect jellyfish? What purpose does their ability to change size serve? Why does it try to get people to fall in the mud? For food? For amusement? Yet again the answers are probably as ephemeral as the Bès themselves

    Liked by 2 people

  2. Pingback: mythologies of MALAYSIA – Indigenous Peoples Literature

  3. Pingback: MYTHOLOGIES OF MALAYSIA – World Mythology

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s